History of Manchester United Football Club - The Club was formed in 1878 by the name of Newton Heath Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Football Club (Newton Heath LYR F.C.) by railroad workers in Newton Heath. They played on a small field on North Road, close to Manchester Piccadilly Railway station for fifteen years, before moving to Bank Street in the nearby town of Clayton in 1893. The team is already a member of the Football League a year earlier and began to decide to do with the train station, to become an independent company, appoint a Secretary and ditched the surname "LYR" thus becoming Newton Heath f. c. only.
But in 1902, the team almost went bankrupt, with debts of more than £2500 and even Bank Street pitch they have been closed. Just a few moments before the Club the Club was disbanded, it was decided to suddenly get an injection of funds from J.H. Davies, a Director of Manchester Breweries beer company. His story is the team captain, Harry Stafford, exhibiting his dog at fundraisers for the Club. A St. Bernard dog that was estimated by Davies and he wanted to buy it. The offer was rejected Stafford and instead she offers her money to invest on Davies club football at the same time be chairman of the Newton Heath FC.
|A Brief History of Manchester United Football Club|
The offer was accepted and the peace be with Newton Heath from bankruptcy. After that he made a meeting to change the name of the Club to mark the beginning of the revival of the Club. The name ' Manchester Central Manchester ' and ' Celtic ' sticking to be strong candidates for a new name before Louis Rocca, a young immigrant, said Italy "fathers, why don't we use the name Manchester United?" Proposed name Rocca was approved and officially began on April 26, 1902. Davies sang the new chairman, also decided to change color from green to Golden team became red as the color of Manchester United.
They then promotion to Division one after finishing two currently second division season 1905 – 06. Their first season in the first division ended up less well, they occupy a sequence of 8 klasmen. They finally won their first League title in 1908. Manchester City are being investigated for hire players above specified regulations. They fined £250 and eighteen of their players be punished should not play for them again. United quickly took advantage of this situation, recruited Billy Meredith and Sandy Turnbull, and more.
This new player should not play before new year 1907, a result of skors from FA. They started playing in the summer of 1907 – 08 and United are aiming for the title this time. 2-1 victory over Sheffield United started the winning streak of ten times. But in the end, they closed the season with 9 points from their rivals, Aston Villa.
The Club took two years to bring the trophy again, they won the Division one League trophy for the second time in the summer of 1910 – 11. United moved to his new Old Trafford pitch. They played their first match at Old Trafford on 19 February 1910 against Liverpool, but they lost to 4-3. They do not get the trophy again at the season of 1911-12, they are not supported by Mangnall again because he moved to Manchester City after a 10-year run together. After that, they were 41 years playing without winning a trophy.
United again relegated in 1922 after ten years playing in Division one. They ride the Division again in 1925, but the difficulty to enter the ranks of the top-tier League Division one and they went down a Division again in 1931. Manchester United grabbed the mencapaian low throughout its history, namely the position of 20 1934 second Division standings. their strength again when the season of 1938 – 39.
Busby Era (1945 – 1969)
In 1945, Matt Busby was appointed manager of the team based at Old Trafford. He asked for something that is not uncommon at that time in his job as a coach such as the power to appoint the team, choosing players who will be drafted and determine the players ' own practice schedule. Busby actually have lost jobs manager at another Club, Liverpool F.C., because of the power it wants it proved Liverpool officials are included in the Authority's task is a Director, but it turns out that United gave him the opportunity to the idea of inovatifnya. First, Busby did not recruit players, but an assistant manager named Jimmy Murphy.
Decision appointing Busby as manager is a very appropriate decision, Busby pay trust sysops with usher United to second place of the League in 1947, 1948 and 1949 and winning the FA Cup the year 1948. Stan Pearson, Jack Rowley, Allenby Chilton, and Charlie Mitten had great participation in the achievement of United
Charlie Mitten then went to Colombia to seek better pay, he was persuaded by an entrepreneur saw Colombia to strengthen the Club Independiente Santa Fe in Bogotá. But a senior United players abilities others do not decrease and their back Division one title in 1952. Busby knew, that football is not only always mangandakan the experience of players, then, she's also thinking to start entering some young players. Initially, the young players such as Roger Byrne, Bill Foulkes, Mark Jones and Dennis Viollet-le-Duc rebuilt, it still takes time to show their best game, as a result of United slipping to number 8 in 1953, but the team again won the League the year 1956 with a team that averaged only 22-year-old players, scoring 103 goals!
The policy of a philosophy the team with young players it led him to become one of the most successful managers in dealing with Manchester United (the mid 1950 's, mid-late 1960 's and the 1990). Busby has talented players who named Duncan Edwards. The youth of the origin of Dudley, West Midlands play debuted at the age of 16 in 1953. Edwards said can play real position and many who saw him play said that he is the best player. The following season, 1956 – 57, they won the League again and reached the FA Cup final, losing to Aston Villa. They became the first United Kingdom team taking part in the European Champions Cup competition, the FA policy. The previous season, the FA rescind the right of Chelsea to perform at the Champions Cup. United can reach the knockout semi-finals but then dikandaskan Real Madrid. But on his way to the semi-final, United also recorded a victory that still shows that they are not a team semenjana Belgium champion team by beating Anderlecht 10-0 at Maine Road.
The Tragedy Of Munich
The tragedy happened in the next season, when the plane carrying the team home from a European Cup match crashed on landing in Munich, Germany, to refuel. The tragedy of Munich on 6 February 1958 claimed the lives of it's 8 team players – Geoff Bent, Roger Byrne, Eddie Colman, Duncan Edwards, Mark Jones, David Pegg, Tommy Taylor and Liam "Billy" Whelan – and 15 other passengers, including United staff, Walter Crickmer, Bert Whalley and Tom Curry. Happened 2 times before landing the third fatal error occurred, which caused not the relative speed of the aircraft because of the mud.
Manchester United goalkeeper Harry Gregg retain consciousness when the accident and under fears the plane would explode, save Bobby Charlton and Dennis Viollet-le-Duc rebuilt with belt tightening security. Seven players of the United menginggal the world in place while Duncan Edwards was killed when the journey to hospital. The right-wing Johnny Berry also survived the accident, but the injury made the football career ended quickly. Doctors in Munich say that Matt Busby did not have much hope, but he recovered with a miracle and finally out of the hospital after two months hospitalized.
There are rumors that the team will withdraw from the competition, but when Jimmy Murphy took over as manager while Busby was hospitalized, the Club continued kompetisinya. Despite the loss of many players, they could reach the 1958 FA Cup final, where they lost to Bolton Wanderers. The end of the season, UEFA offered the FA to submit United and League champions Wolverhampton Wanderers to participate in Champions Cup for a tribute to the victims of the accident, but the FA declined. United pressed the Wolves in next season and finish second in the League standings; not bad for a team that lost nine players due to the tragedy of Munich.
Busby rebuilt the team at the beginning of the Decade of the 60 's, buying players such as Denis Law and Pat Crerand. Perhaps the most famous of a number of young players this is youth Belfast named George Best. Best technical skill and have a side keatletisan. The team won the FA Cup the year 1963, although only finish 19th Division one currently. Success in the FA Cup makes a player become motivated and make the club lifted the second position on the League of the year 1964, and won the League years 1965 and 1967. Manchester United won the European Champions Cup in 1968, beating Eusébio's SL Benfica team 4 – 1 program final, becoming the first English team memenagkan this competition. Manchester United team when it has the European Footballer of the year: Bobby Charlton, Denis Law and George Best. Matt Busby resigned in 1969 and was replaced by reserve team coach Wilf McGuinness,.
Hard Times (1969 – 1986)
Manchester United are having tough times when handled Wilf McGuinness, the Premier League in the summer of 1969 – 70. He then initiated the season 1970 – 71 poorly, so McGuinness back down into the post reserves team coach.
The Celtic manager was successfully brought into the Champions Cup Glasgow, Jock Stein, was appointed to fill the position of manager – Stein had agreed verbally with United contract, but cancel it —. Frank O'Farrell was appointed as Busby suksesor. Like McGuinness, O'Farrell didn't last more than 18 months, the difference was only O'Farrell reacted to tackle bad appearance of United by bringing new faces into the Club, the most noticeable is the induction of Martin Buchan from Aberdeen for £125.000. Tommy Docherty became manager in late 1972. Docherty, or "Doc", saved United from relegation but United are relegated in 1974, which was then a trio of Best, Law and Charlton had left the Club. Denis Law's move to Manchester City in the summer of 1973. Players like Lou Macari, Stewart Houston and Brian Greenhoff were recruited to replace Best, Law and Charlton, but does not produce anything.
Team grabbed its first promotion in Division two, with talented young players a big part of Steve Coppell who played well in their first season together United, joined from Tranmere Rovers. United reached the FA Cup Final the year 1976, but they lost to Southampton. They reached the final again in 1977 and defeated Liverpool 2-1. In this success, Docherty was sacked due to known to have a relationship with the wife of physiotherapy.
Dave Sexton replaced Docherty in the summer of 1977 and make teams play more defensive. This style of play is not favored supporters, their preferred style of attack Docherty and Busby. Some players bought Sexton as Joe Jordan, Gordon McQueen, Gary Bailey and Ray Wilkins, but could not lift the top to break through United, currently second place finish just once, and only once qualified for the final of the FA Cup, lost to Arsenal. For not winning the title, Sexton was fired in 1981, although he won his last match 7.
He was replaced by the flamboyant Ron Atkinson manager. Atkinson straight record-breaking transfer in the United Kingdom with the purchase of midfielder Bryan Robson from West Bromine. Robson touted is the best after midfielder Duncan Edwards. Tim Atkinson has new players such as Jesper Olsen, Paul McGrath and Gordon season playing alongside Norman Whiteside and Mark Hughes. United won the FA Cup twice in three years, in 1983 and 1985, and seeded to win the League for the 1985 – 86 after winning his first 10 League games, opening a 10 points with his closest rivals until October 1986. Appearance United then became worse and United ended the season at # 4. United's bad results continued until the end of the season and with bad results i.e. tanks limit degradation, in November 1986, Atkinson was sacked.
Alex Ferguson Era (1986)
In the Era of Sir Alex Ferguson Manchester United, transformed into the most successful club in the Premier League after winning the title 11 times. It all started in 1993 when the manager Sir Alex Ferguson put an end to a 26-year wait to lift the Premier League Crown. The signing of Eric Cantona for £ 1.2 m from Leeds United proved a masterstroke as France was instrumental in kemenanganmerebut degree, along with people like Gary Pallister, Denis Irwin, Ryan Giggs and Paul Ince. The trophy was retained and joined in the competition here and the next for the title in 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2003. Many of the trophy cupboard has been added to the Cup and continue to evolve. The Red Devils ' success in the FA Cup in 1994, 1996, 1999 and 2004, plus a League Cup victory in 1992 and 2006.
Perhaps the most impressive time in the history of the Club is winning the treble season of the year 1999 when they unify the European Champions League trophies with the League title and FA Cup.
Chelsea broke the League's dominance at a glance The Red Devils by winning the title in 2005 and 2006. But in the season 2006/07, The Red Devils back to rumble to regain the Barclays Premiership.
They went one better in 2007/08, enjoy their most successful campaign since winning the treble. They saw of the challenge of Chelsea and Arsenal to win the race the Barclays Premier League title usurped and beat The Blues in the penalty shootout in the final of the Champions League after playing a goalless draw 1-1 between the two sides in Moscow.
On 2008/09, Manchester United made a hat-trick of titles, also won the Carling Cup, but narrowly lost the Cup over Barcelona in the Champions League.
They retain the Carling Cup in 2010 after a suspenseful competition to get into the final day of competition.
League champions: 1908, 1911, 1952, 1956, 1957, 1965, 1967, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010
FA Cup champions: 1909, 1949, 1963.1977, 1983, 1985, 1990, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2004
League Cup winner: 1992, 2006
Champions League champions: 1968, 1999, 2008
Cup Winners ' Cup winner: 1991
Club World Cup champion: 1999, 2008
Super Cup champion: 1991
Stadium: Old Trafford Coops
Capacity: 76,212 spectators